Low neutrophil levels are referred to as neutropenia. Neutrophils fight infection by eliminating dangerous bacteria and fungi (yeast) that infiltrate the body. Neutrophils are produced in the bone marrow, which is found in more visible bones such as the rib cage, vertebrae, and pelvis. Neutropenia is present in half of cancer patients following chemotherapy. It is a typical adverse effect among leukemia patients. Serious infections are more likely to affect those with neutropenia.



A lower-than-normal concentration of neutrophils in the bloodstream is referred to as neutropenia. Your bone marrow predominantly produces the type of white blood cell known as a neutrophil. Neutrophils in particular, as well as white blood cells in broad terms, combat infections in your body. Viruses and bacteria that cause infections are eliminated by neutrophils. Your body struggles to fight infections and germs when you don’t have enough neutrophils. Even germs that your body’s health usually tolerates (such as the bacteria in the oral cavity and intestines) might do you harm in extreme situations.

The amount of neutrophils in the sample of blood determines whether neutropenia is mild, moderate, or severe. According to several standards, the lower normal level for adults is around 1,500 neutrophils per microliter of blood. (Some estimate the threshold to be 1,800 per microliter.) The neutrophil number range is as follows:

  • 1,000–1,500 for mild neutropenia.
  • 500–1,000 neutropenia moderate.
  • Less than 500 in cases of severe neutropenia.

The effects of neutropenia depend on your neutrophil level. You might not have any symptoms if you have mild neutropenia. Following a test of your blood for a different illness, you can accidentally discover that you have neutropenia. Your risk of infection may increase if you have moderate to severe neutropenia. Acute neutropenia can be fatal if left untreated.



Autosomal dominant hereditary abnormalities in the ELA2 gene are the primary cause of periodic neutropenia. The neutrophils’ elastase gene is encoded by this gene. When the body makes an effort to combat an illness, the gene is released. However, because they aren’t there, it takes some time for the bone marrow to produce more neutrophils. This neutrophil deficit typically lasts between three and six days and happens every three weeks.

Low neutrophil levels can result from a number of factors connected to cancer and its treatment, including:

  • Certain kinds of chemotherapy
  • Leukaemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma are examples of cancers that directly damage the bone marrow.
  • Spread of the disease
  • Radiation treatment to various body regions or to the pelvis, legs, chest, or abdomen bones



It’s possible that neutropenia itself has no signs or symptoms. Typically, a blood test or an infection is how people learn they have neutropenia. Neutropenia might make some people feel more worn out. Your doctor will arrange for routine blood tests to check for neutropenia along with other chemotherapy-related blood-related side effects. Even a simple infection might suddenly become dangerous in persons with neutropenia. If you experience any of these indications of infection, speak with your medical provider straight away:

  • A fever is defined as a temperature of at least 100.5°F (38°C).
  • Chills or perspiration
  • Toothache, painful throat, or mouth sores
  • Continent pain
  • The anus region hurts
  • Discomfort or burning during peeing, or frequent urination
  • Either diarrhea or ulcers on the antrum
  • Coughing or breathing difficulties
  • Any erythema, edema, or discomfort, particularly in the vicinity of a cut, wound, or catheter
  • Rashes or abnormal discharge from the vagina



The most typical test is a complete blood count (CBC) with differential, which is a straightforward blood test. If you are receiving chemotherapy, your doctor will probably conduct this test on a frequent basis to track your neutrophil numbers. If your doctor is unsure about the cause of your neutropenia, they may prescribe more tests. They might take a piece of your bone marrow, for instance, and look at the cells beneath a microscope. Your doctor can use this test to see whether neutrophils are growing regularly in the bone marrow or whether they are being destroyed once they have been produced. Your doctor can develop a diagnosis using this information. Other testing consists of:

  • Anti-autoantibody test
  • Check for antibodies against neutrophils
  • Evaluation of folate and vitamin B12
  • Screening for acidified serum
  • Examinations to look for systemic lupus erythematosus.

Homeopathic Treatment:


Individuals with cyclic neutropenia can receive a supportive and relief from symptoms. The immune system can be strengthened and the patient’s general health can be improved through homeopathy. The frequency and recurrence of infectious attacks in patients can be effectively controlled. The quality of life can be increased by reducing the severity of the symptoms and the length of the illness. Additionally, proper oral and dental hygiene is crucial. Patients who have persistent neutropenia should take precautions to avoid suffering any serious or minor wounds. The list of medications for neutropenia includes Iodium, Arsenic Album, Kali Iod,  Lachesis, Mercurius, Podophyllum, Nitric Acid, Bryonia, Natrum Phos, Fluoric Acid, Sulphuric Acid, Cantharis, Ammonium Carb, Aloe, Sulphur, and many others.

  • Typical Therapy for Cyclic Neutropenia. Recurrent infections can be treated with antibiotic medication and a bone marrow stimulant called recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor for neutrophil production (Rhg- CSF). Filgrastim, a different version of Neupogen, has been authorized for the treatment of persistent neutropenia. The patient’s genetic status can also be ascertained through genetic counseling.



If you are aware that your neutrophil count is low, you can take steps to avoid being infected.

  • Use only your personal dishes, containers, meals, and drinks.
  • Don’t let people use your towels, razors, or toothbrushes.
  • If you’re gardening or doing garden labor, wear gloves.
  • Avoid cleaning up pet excrement or changing a baby’s nappy (if you must, wear mittens and clean your hands afterward).
  • Avoid hot tubs, rivers, lakes, and ponds.
  • Use a hand sanitizer with an alcohol basis or wash your hands often with soap and water.
  • Keep your distance from sick persons and crowds in which you could come across them.
  • Avoid having piercings or tattoos, and if you do, make sure to treat any wounds straight once.
  • Washing produce and cooking it to the right temperature will help stop the transmission of germs, as will keeping meats away from other foods and cooking them in a clean kitchen.

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