A person is at risk for infection when they have leucopenia, which is a drop in their white blood cell count. White blood cell production typically rises in response to infection or inflammation, giving the body additional cells with which to combat the infection. However, in certain instances, the infection actually kills off white blood cells, reducing their quantity. Other factors, including certain drugs, autoimmunity conditions, and bone marrow diseases, can also lead to the destruction of white blood cells. Your doctor could suggest that you see a hematologist if the cause of your low white blood cell count cannot be identified.
A low white cell count is called Leucopenia. Although symptoms aren’t always present, they might nonetheless have negative consequences. A doctor will frequently check your white blood cell count if you have Leucopenia. One of the many kinds of blood cells that make up your blood is white blood cells, also known as leukocytes. Your body uses them to fend off illnesses and infections.
Leucopenia is a disorder in which a person has insufficient WBCs. Leucopenia is examined in further detail in this article, along with its kinds, symptoms, causes, and treatments. Leucopenia comes in a variety of forms, depending on the type of WBC that is low in your blood. Leucopenia comes in a variety of forms.
You have neutropenia, a kind of Leucopenia that occurs when the number of neutrophils in your blood is low. Lymphocytopenia, or having too few lymphocytes, is another typical kind of Leucopenia. The white blood cells (WBCs) that defend you against many infections and malignant cells are lymphocytes.
Aplastic anemia, certain autoimmune diseases, the use of some drugs, and other conditions can all result in leucopenia. Leucopenia can also result after radiation and chemotherapy. Acute viral infections like the common cold or flu can cause a low white cell count. It has been linked to steroid usage, HIV, AIDS, myelofibrosis, aplastic anemia (failure of white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelet production), stem cell transplant, and radiation therapy.
Systemic lupus erythematosus, Hodgkin’s lymphoma, certain cancers, typhoid, malaria, TB, dengue, rickettsial transmission, enlargement of the spleen, folate deficiency, psittacosis, sepsis, Sjögren syndrome, and Lyme disease are additional reasons for low white blood cell counts. Additionally, it has been demonstrated that a lack of specific minerals, such as copper and zinc, is the root cause.
Signs and Symptoms:
Leucopenia may not manifest any symptoms in a patient. But persistent infections could be a sign of Leucopenia. Leucopenia’s signs and symptoms include:
- Mouth or skin ulcers
- Trouble breathing
- Body aches
Diagnosis of Leucopenia:
A complete blood count (CBC) will be used to identify Leucopenia by a medical practitioner. To perform a CBC, a medical expert will draw a small sample of blood. Blood contains:
- Red blood cells, additionally referred to as erythrocytes, transport oxygen from the pulmonary system to the body’s cells, and white blood cells, generally characterized as leukocytes or platelets, create clotting in response to a lesion in the body.
- A CBC also measures hematocrit, or the proportion of red blood cells in a person’s blood, and hemoglobin, a protein found in red blood cells that helps transport oxygen.
Treatment for Leucopenia:
The cause of Leucopenia affects how the disorder is treated. For instance, quitting the medicine may frequently result in a recovery in white blood cell counts if there has been bone marrow suppression brought on by drugs like anti-cancer chemotherapy. Additionally linked to neutropenia is radiation therapy, which damages bone marrow. The counts might increase when the therapy is stopped. People with genetic Leucopenia issues may need granulocyte colony-stimulating hormones and other bone marrow-derived growth factors to encourage the production of WBCs.
Cancer therapies aim to locate and eliminate your system’s rapidly proliferating cancer cells. However, some cancer treatments can also kill blood cells because they develop quickly as well. Leucopenia may result from some cancer treatments, including:
- Radiation therapy, particularly when used on major bones like the ones in your legs and pelvis
- Transplantation of bone marrow
A course of therapy may occasionally need to be stopped to allow your body the opportunity to produce additional WBCs. When a form of treatment, such as radiation, is finished or in between rounds of chemotherapy, your blood cell counts may naturally increase. Individual differences affect how long it takes for WBCs to regenerate. Your healthcare provider may change your dose if you’re taking a medicine that results in Leucopenia. Additionally, if it’s possible, they can advise changing to a different medicine.
One ought to endeavor to avoid certain food categories if your white blood cell counts are low. These consist of:
- Meat, chicken, or fish that is raw or undercooked
- dishes containing raw eggs, such as homemade mayonnaise and hollandaise sauce, as well as eggs that are uncooked or undercooked
- unpasteurized or raw dairy products
- fresh sprouts
In order to lower your risk of illness, it is crucial to concentrate on safe food handling. Some pointers include:
- The act of handwashing. Before eating, after handling food, and before handling anything else, wash your hands.
- Cleaning fresh food. Fresh produce should be gently rinsed under running water. To scrub the surface of tougher produce like apples or potatoes, use a clean brush.
- Different food varieties. When storing and cooking raw foods, such as meat, seafood, and poultry, try to keep them apart from other ingredients.
- Getting enough sleep
- Avoiding skin injuries such as cuts and scrapes
- Maintaining proper hygiene to prevent germs
- Keeping one’s health