Several of your heart’s valves aren’t functioning properly if you have cardiac valve disease. Four valves in the heart keep blood moving in the right direction. The circulation of blood through the cardiovascular system to the remaining parts of your body could be disrupted as a result. Your heart valve disease’s kind, severity, and impacted heart valve will all affect how it is treated.
Introduction to Heart Valve Disease:
Heart valve problems can make your heart work harder if they are not treated. Your standard of existence can suffer, and it could even put your very existence in peril. Your healthcare practitioner may be able to replace or repair your heart valves by surgery or minimally invasive treatment in many circumstances, restoring normal function and enabling you to resume your normal activities. Four valves in the cardiovascular system guarantee that the blood flows solely in a particular direction. The valves in your heart are:
- Connecting your left atrium and left ventricle, the mitral valve.
- over your right atrium and right ventricle), the tricuspid valve
- Aortic (located between your aorta and left ventricle)
- Between your right ventricle and pulmonary artery is the pulmonary region.
The right atrium of your heart receives blood that is low in oxygen before passing through the tricuspid valve and entering the right ventricle. In order to obtain oxygen from your lungs, it then passes through your pulmonary valve and pulmonary artery. The pulmonary veins carry oxygenated blood back to the left atrium of the heart. Blood can flow from your left atrium to your left ventricle thanks to your mitral valve. Following that, oxygen-rich blood exits your heart through your aortic valve and travels to the rest of your body through your aorta.
Your valves are made up of tiny tissue flaps called leaflets that open to enable blood flow through your heart during the second half of your heartbeat. To stop blood from flowing backward during the other half of your heartbeat, these leaflets close. The chordae tendineae are strong, fibrous strands of tissue that connect the leaflets of two of your valves—the mitral and tricuspid—to the papillary muscles inside the walls of your ventricles.
Causes of Heart Valve Disease:
Depending on the disease that is present, various factors might lead to heart valve deterioration, such as the following:
- Aging-related modifications to the heart valve’s structure
- Both heart attacks and coronary artery disease
- Inflammation of the heart valve
- Birth flaw
- The sexually transmitted disease syphilis
- An inherited condition of connective tissue called myxomatous degeneration impairs the tissue in the heart valves.
- Heart valve disease most frequently affects the mitral and aortic valves.
Signs and Symptoms:
Heart valve disease may go undiagnosed in some people for many years. Whenever individuals do, these are some potential indications and symptoms:
- Heart murmurs are audible when a healthcare professional uses a device called a stethoscope to pay attention to a patient’s heartbeat.
- Chest discomfort
- Swelling in the abdomen
- Breathlessness, especially when sleeping or moving around
- Your ankles and feet swelling
- Anormal heartbeat
Heart valve disease can damage more than one valve, and there are various kinds of the condition.
- Valvular stenosis
- Valvular insufficiency
- Valvular atresia
If the sounds of your heart that a stethoscope picks up are abnormal, your doctor might suspect that you have heart valve problems. This is typically done as part of the initial diagnosis of heart valve dysfunction. Frequently, a unique heart murmur—abnormal heart sounds brought on by turbulent blood flow through the valve—indicates valve regurgitation or stenosis. Doctors may perform any of the following tests to more precisely identify the kind of valve sickness and level of valve damage:
- Electrocardiogram (ECG).
- Echocardiogram (echo).
- Transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE)
- Chest X-ray.
- Cardiac catheterization.
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Homeopathic medications are regarded as a secure and efficient treatment for any illness. Due to the fact that they are created from naturally occurring products, these homeopathic therapies have no negative side effects. These medications help treat illnesses from the inside out and deliver positive outcomes. There are numerous homeopathic medications that aid in the prevention of heart valve disease. The following are some examples of homeopathic treatments for valvular heart disease:
- A homeopathic drug called Adonis Vernalis is used to treat valvular heart disease. Both the pulse and the heart rate can be controlled with the aid of these medications.
- Another homeopathic drug used to treat heart valve disease is baryta carb. These medications aid in the treatment of irregular heartbeats and reduce symptoms including weariness, pulmonary edema, and chest pain that could lead to valvular heart disease.
- The homeopathic medication used to treat heart valve disease is Spigelian anthemia. The heart’s valve is damaged during heart valvular disease. When a headache is present together with heart valve disease symptoms such as irregular heartbeat, weakness, palpitations, etc., this medication is prescribed.
- A homeopathic remedy for treating heart valve disorders is kalmia. These medications aid in regulating heart rate. When valvular disease results from rheumatic fever, which impairs the valves’ ability to open and close, these drugs are helpful in treating the condition.
- The remedy for treating valvular heart disease is Aurum Metallicum. A form of heart illness known as valvular heart disease is characterized by improper heart valve function. Aurum Metallicum is recommended when valve heart disease has been brought on by heart palpitations, acute rheumatic fever, a condition known as pain in the chest, etc. These medications are thought to be useful for treating heart valve disease and have no known negative effects.