Red blood cells are highly concentrated in erythrocytosis. Your levels could be high for a variety of reasons. Dehydration is one cause that is less worrying than polycythemia vera, a dangerous blood condition. Receiving a diagnosis and treatment can stop erythrocytos-related problems, including potentially fatal blood clots. The term “erythrocytosis,” sometimes known as “polycythemia,” refers to a large level of red blood cells in the blood. As a result, the blood becomes thicker, making it less able to pass through blood vessels and organs. This sluggish blood circulation is the root cause of numerous erythrocytosis manifestations.
When an individual possesses more red blood cells compared to usual, it’s called erythrocytosis. Your body’s red blood cells transport oxygen throughout it and remove carbon dioxide. Red blood cells are created in your bone marrow, which is a tissue inside your bones, and then released into the bloodstream. Red blood cells have a lifespan of 120 days before they expire. Erythrocytosis comes in primary and secondary forms. Both types result in an increase in red blood cells, although they do so for various reasons.
- Second erythrocytosis. Even if your body makes too many blood cells in this case of erythrocytosis, your bone marrow is not the issue. This type typically occurs as a result of anything affecting your erythropoietin (EPO), a hormone your kidneys produce that promotes the creation of red blood cells.
- Primary erythrocytosis. This kind of erythrocytes happens when your bone marrow malfunctions and overproduces red blood cells. Primary erythrocytosis can be acquired, which means it appeared later in life, or congenital, which means you were born with it.
Primary erythrocytosis may be brought on by an unintentional inherited characteristic that occurs over generations. This could explain why you simply have an excessive amount of red blood cells and not excessive amounts of white blood cells or platelets, and you don’t have secondary erythrocytos. Polycythemia vera, a kind of blood cancer, can also result in primary erythrocytos. Polycythemia vera is uncommon and takes time to manifest. Polycythemia vera can be fatal if untreated because the additional red blood cells make your blood thicker and slower-moving.
Numerous factors can lead to secondary erythrocytosis. These may consist of:
- Heart problems
- Lung disease
- Sleep apnea
- Kidney disease
- Some medicines
- Circumstances that result in insufficient oxygen.
Signs and Symptoms:
What’s causing your erythrocytosis will determine your signs and symptoms, particularly how severe they are. For instance, secondary causes of erythrocytoscould result in the symptoms listed below:
- Difficulty sleeping.
- Weariness and weakness.
More serious signs and symptoms of the primary causes of erythrocytosis include:
- issues with bleeding, such as frequent nosebleeds and readily visible bruising.
- Skin that itches, possibly getting worse after bathing in warm water.
- Your arms, legs, hands, or feet may feel tingly or pins and needles-like.
- Redness and burning, especially on the hands, feet, or face.
- elevated blood pressure.
- Sweats during the night.
- Loss of weight without cause.
- Gout causes severe joint pain, edema, and sensitivity.
Diagnosis of Erythrocytosis:
A blood test can be used to identify erythrocytosis and look for the following things:
- Red blood cell count,
- The percentage of red blood cells in the blood (hematocrit level)
- You may develop erythrocytosis if your blood has a high proportion of red blood cells. Sometimes erythrocytosis only identified through a normal blood test that is being done for another reason.
- Your general practitioner could suggest that you visit a hematologist (a specialist in blood problems) for additional testing, to confirm the diagnosis, and to ascertain the underlying reason.
- A blood examination to check for the altered JAK2 gene
- An ultrasound of your abdomen to check for kidney issues
Treatment for Erythrocytosis:
Perhaps the most well-known comprehensive medical approach is homeopathy. Based on the notion of individualization and the similarity of erythrocytosis symptoms, a cure is chosen. The patient can only regain full health in this way by getting rid of the erythrocytossigns and symptoms that are causing them. Treatment options for erythrocytosis symptoms can be chosen based on the etiology, location, sensation, modality, and extent of the complaints. The following are some crucial treatments for erythrocytosis symptoms: Arsenic isothiocyanate, Natrium sulphate, Kalium sulphate, Phosphorus, Natrum muriaticum, Ceonanthus, Radium bromide, Sulphur, Thiosinaminum, Vanadium met, etc.
The quickest and easiest technique to lower the amount of red blood cells in the bloodstream is through venesection. If you’re suffering from erythrocytos, an instance of blood clots, or signs that your blood is overly thick, it might be advised. In a manner comparable to blood donation, venesection entails taking around 1 pint of fluid at a time.
If you have a high risk of blood clots, your doctor may advise you to consistently take a low dose of aspirin. Additionally, your doctor might recommend drugs that can lower your red blood cell count, such as:
- Alpha interferon.
To treat the primary condition causing erythrocytosis, your doctor might suggest particular drugs and treatments.
The underlying cause must be addressed in order to treat secondary erythrocytosis. This remedy might consist of:
- For those with low oxygen levels, oxygen
- Help and advice for quitting smoking
- The treatment of any condition causing low oxygen levels
- Tumor removal surgery
- Stopping the medications responsible for the erythrocytosis
- Treating a hormonal condition
- Supplying fluids
Implementing modifications to a healthy lifestyle can decrease the risk of potentially dangerous blood clots for people with all types of erythrocytosis, as well as improve certain cases of apparent erythrocytos. Being overweight or smoking only serves to enhance the risk of blood clots in people who already have erythrocytos. The following guidance and facts might be useful to you:
- Lose weight for improved health.
- BMI calculating a healthy weight to prevent cardiovascular disease
- Lowering blood pressure
- Avoiding cigarettes