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An auto-immune condition of the platelets (blood cells), Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP), causes more bleeding and bruising in the body. Along with white blood cells and red blood cells, platelets are blood components. Thrombocytes are another name for platelets. In the bone marrow, they are made, and blood clotting is facilitated by platelets. In a healthy individual, platelets typically vary from 150000 to 450000 per cubic millimeter. ITP patients have platelet counts of 20,000 or below.

Introduction:

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Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, another name for immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), is an autoimmune condition marked by a low platelet count of fewer than 100 x 109/L that lasts for longer than three months. Immune thrombocytopenic purpura can be either acute or persistent. Children typically develop acute ITP after a viral infection, whereas adults typically develop the chronic variety. Children who have chronic ITP progress to developing persistent ITP in about 20% of cases. Depending on the etiology, ITP can also be divided into primary (idiopathic) and secondary (associated with diseases like lupus, hepatitis, and HIV) types. Anti-platelet antibodies attach to platelet surface proteins, inducing splenic sequestration and mononuclear macrophage phagocytosis, which shorten platelet life. Thrombocytopenia is brought on by a decline in the number of circulating platelets due to inadequate compensation from enhanced platelet production by bone marrow cells.

Causes:

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Antibodies are created against platelets in the body as a result of an auto-immune response. These antibodies enter the bloodstream and bind to the platelets. These antibodies bound to the platelets are recognized as aberrant by the spleen, which guards the body against infection and are eliminated. As a result, the number of platelets drops, making it easier for the body to bleed and bruise. People who have ailments like HIV, hepatitis C, or H. pylori may also have ITP.

Symptoms:

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Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura is characterized by purpura, petechiae spots, bleeding from the gums and nostrils, as well as blood in the urine and feces. Less than 3 mm-diameter purplish spots or blotches on the skin are referred to as purpura. These result from small blood vessels bleeding internally. Petechiae are tiny, red, or purple hemorrhagic patches on the skin. Excessive bleeding during menstruation and protracted bleeding from cuts and wounds are additional signs of immune thrombocytopenic purpura. There may also be general weakness and exhaustion. Without exhibiting any of these symptoms, immune thrombocytopenic purpura can occasionally be present, and regular blood tests may reveal low platelet counts.

Diagnosis for Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura:

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The diagnosis is typically made by ruling out other underlying conditions or the use of specific drugs like aspirin and ibuprofen, which are both linked to bleeding disorders and low platelet counts.

  • The quantity of platelets in the blood is assessed using a complete blood count (CBC). RBC and WBC counts are normal in ITP, and only the platelet count decreases.
  • Procedures to measure how quickly the blood clots and bleeds, when the clotting time is normal and the bleeding time is prolonged.
  • By looking at the blood smear under a microscope, the platelet count can be verified.
  • Finding platelet-related antibodies in the blood.
  • Rarely is a bone marrow examination or aspiration performed. Megakaryocytes, which are an early form of platelets, are present in ITP’s bone marrow in normal or larger numbers. In the bone marrow, platelets are normally produced; however, they break down in the spleen and circulation.
  • Splenomegaly (spleen enlargement) rules out the possibility of ITP.

Homeopathic Treatment for Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura:

The body’s immiga-6une system, which is impacted by this medical condition, is the focus of the homeopathic approach to treating ITP. Homeopathic drugs’ exact mode of action is unknown. However, it is a well-known fact that homeopathy is effective in ITP cases. Homoeopathy is strongly advised as a supplemental treatment. We have a number of ITP instances with significant outcomes that we have reported. Immune thrombocytopenic purpura is treated with the homeopathic medications Iodum, Crotalus Horridus, Phosphorus, Latrodectus Mactans, Secale Cor, and Bothrops Lanciolatus. These drugs support increased blood platelets and hemorrhage management. Under the guidance of a homeopathic doctor, a patient should receive homeopathic treatment for immune thrombocytopenic purpura. Do not self-medicate. The first line of treatment for conventional doctors is corticosteroids, either taken orally or administered intravenously. However, side effects like osteoporosis, diabetes, weight gain, and cataracts are brought on by the prolonged use of steroids. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) helps to rapidly increase the platelet count when given intravenously in cases of acute bleeding, although its impact only lasts for a few weeks. Emergency situations benefit from platelet transfusions, but the benefits last only a short time because the body’s immune system quickly destroys even freshly obtained donor platelets. For people with the Rh (D) positive blood group, anti-D immunoglobulin. Splenectomy The excision of the spleen is performed in extremely rare circumstances when the body is not responding to medicine in order to stop the breakdown of platelets. The removal of the spleen makes the body more susceptible to infection because the spleen is an organ that aids in protecting the body against illnesses.

Precautions:

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  • The consequences of ITP can be avoided or minimized but ITP itself cannot be prevented.
  • Avoid medications that influence platelets and raise the risk of bleeding, such as ibuprofen and aspirin.
  • Avoid bumps and bruises because they might lead to bleeding.
  • Management of infections that is swift and efficient.

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